Boek en film: Solaris (Andrei Tarkovsky, 1972)



The interest of Tarkovsky for the science fiction novel Solaris (1961) of the Polish author Stanislaw Lem is understandable: both artists explore the realm of myths and the unconscious innerworld of their protagonists.

They use metaphors to express their fascination by a reality beyond the borders of human perception.
 
Stanislaw Lem depicts the highly scientific exploration of the planet Solaris as a religious quest.
The novel Solaris contains throughout the narration of the futuristic story many thoughtful passages like:
“Man has gone out to explore other worlds and other civilizations without having explored his own labyrinth of dark passages and secret chambers, and without finding what lies beyond doorways that he himself has sealed.” (p 164).
 
The imagery of science fiction films as SOLYARIS (1972) and 2001 A SPACE ODYSSEY (Stanley Kubrick, 1968) and DARK STAR (John Carpenter, 1974) has influenced many designers, among them Marc Newson.
 
Some basic resources for Tarkovsky
· Tarkovski, A, De verzegelde tijd. Beschouwingen over de filmkunst, Groningen: Historische uitgeverij, 1986.
· Tarkovski, A., Time Within Time, The Diaries 1970-1986, London: Faber& Faber, 1994.
· Gianvito, John (ed), Andrei Tarkovsky. Interviews, Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2006.
· Green, Peter, Andrei Tarkovsky. The Winding Quest, London: Macmillan, 1993.
 
Some resources for the novel SOLARIS
· www.cyberiad.info (official Stanislaw Lem Website)
· http://www.wsu.edu:8080/~brians/science_fiction/solaris.html (study guide)
· http://www.underview.com/2001/solaris.html
 
Some resources for the film SOLYARIS (1972), by Tarkovsky
· www.filmref.com (Strictly Film School)
· www.sensesofcinema.com
· www.suntimes.com (review of American filmcritic Roger Ebert)
· www.criterion.com/current/posts/239-solaris (essay by Phillip Lopate)
· Film Comment vol 26, nr 4 (July/Aug 1990) p.57-60,62. 
 
Other resources for Tarkovsky
· Bird, R. Gazing into Time
· Lipkov, A. Passion according to Andrej
· Kusmierczyk, S. Andrej Tarkovsky on Andrej Rublov
· www.nostalghia.com
 
Some resources for the film SOLARIS (2002), by Soderbergh
· www.cinema.nl www.filmkrant.nl (reviews in Dutch)
· www.wsws.org (World Socialist Web Site)
· www.imdbcom (International Movie Data Base)
· http://www.killermovies.com/s/solaris/reviews/
· Cinemagie 243 (zomer 2003), two articles, in Dutch.